The medical term for hair loss is alopecia which is just a natural phase that happens to all of hair-baring animals including us, humans. It is natural that we lose roughly 100 hair strands within the 24-hour period and this is the cycle that most of the people who suffer from hair loss have come to understand. It poses as a cosmetic problem which brings lots of stress to us especially when we value our hair so much. Nonetheless, it is important to distinguish genuine hair loss from just breakage of the hair close to the scalp.
The loss of 100-150 strands every day does not cause significant thinning or loss of hair on the scalp considering that we all have an estimated 100,000 hair strands on our scalp.
You should also think consider that gradual thinning of the hair is part of aging but it will lead to balding if the rate of shedding exceeds that of the re-growth of hair. This creates a negative equation when you subtract the number of strands lost per day from the number of strands growing every day.
Specific Types of Hair Loss Causes
In this particular type of hair loss which affects both the men and women, the rate of hair growth shortens thus the hairs produced are not as strong, thick or resilient. As the cycle of growth continues, the hair becomes rooted even more superficially than it was before thus the hair easily falls out. Medical history or genetics often play a major role in this type of baldness. The pattern of heredity is often construed as a series of factors that can be may result in loss of hair including – excessive developmental rate, pattern of hair growth and extent of the baldness.
This is a permanent type of hair loss which results from inflammation damages to the hair follicles that leave it in a scarred state. This is the reason why hair could not re-grow because the scars prevent the hair from growing back as it normally should. More often than not, it is a secondary result of medical conditions such as lupus. The triggers for such type of alopecia is not yet known or what causes the inflammation on the hair follicles but ongoing studies and researches have been conducted to discover it.
This is a type of hair loss that is categorized under the autoimmune diseases since the root cause is not yet known up to this day. Generally, this disease develops in an otherwise healthy individual without any underlying medical conditions that warrants further investigation of the loss of hair. Some reviews say that this condition is caused by gene inheritance while some would believe that the trigger is a virus or environmental reasons. It is likely that individuals with family history of alopecia areata would develop the condition sometime in the future but this has not yet been established or proven.
Anything that changes in the normal cycle of hair growth that significantly alters it will produce this type of hair loss. It may be some form of emotional or physical fatigue or stress which pushes your hair to the resting state even though it is not yet time. As a result, hair shedding happens at the time when it is not supposed to occur. It is called the premature telogen state hence the name of the condition. The premature telogen state causes the hair to fall out although the cycle becomes active again within a month or after the causative factor has been removed to the equation.
This condition may follow high fever, excessive weight loss, deficiencies in nutrition, surgery and many other conditions that will trigger your hair follicles to enter into the resting state even when it is not supposed to.
Excessive pulling to your hair can cause traction alopecia. Therefore, you need to beware if you are too conscious about your hair that you keep combing and brushing in the wrong way because you might end up with alopecia. Excessive pulling to the hair can cause scarring which will prevent hair from growing back again. What is considered reversible may become irreversible when this happens.
There are several other causes of hair loss that you should be aware of including:
- Inadequate nutrition – Iron or protein deficiency syndromes can cause hair loss in addition to eating disorders and extreme dieting program.
- Medications – There are many types of drugs that can cause reversible hair loss such as hypertensive drugs, mood regulators, birth control pills and medications for chronic illness.
- Medical conditions – Chronic medical conditions such as lupus and diabetes can cause significant hair loss.
- Medical procedures – Chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgical procedures can also cause alopecia since the hair growth is affected especially during the growing phase. But, as the medical procedures are eliminated from the equation, growth of hair begins to manifest again.
- Hormonal changes – This can occur more often in women considering the fact that they undergo several hormonal cycles in their lives. However, the condition is entirely temporary wherein the hair can grow back again once the hormones are back to their normal levels.
- Hair treatments – Excessive chemical application to the hair can promote hair breakage and damage to the hair strands although this is not considered genuine alopecia because of the nature of the hair that’s falling out.
Many of us want to understand what causes alopecia in the hope that we will find the best hair loss treatment in the market. Learning about the specific types of hair loss causes will help you determine what type of alopecia you have. Still, nothing beats getting proper diagnosis with your doctor.